Marra et al., 2019 - Prostaglandin signaling regulates renal multiciliated cell specification and maturation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America   116(17):8409-8418 Full text @ Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

Fig. 1

Chemical screen reveals prostaglandin signaling mediates renal MCC development in the zebrafish embryonic kidney, the pronephros. (A, Top) Schematic of a WT zebrafish embryo and pronephros at the 28 ss (lateral view) that is composed of a series of distinct functional segments with transporter cells (shades of orange) and MCCs (purple dots). The pronephros is situated along the trunk, lateral with respect to the adjacent somitic mesoderm and dorsal to the yolk and yolk sac extension. (A, Bottom) Somite map (indicated by the numbered box sequence) demarcates the location of nephron segments with respect to somites numbered 3 to 18. N, neck; P, podocyte. The formation of MCCs (purple dots) occurs in the central region of the nephron tubule, mostly located in the PST, with a few cells in the PCT and DE segments as well. (B, Top) Whole-mount smiFISH on a representative WT 28 ss embryo showing labeling for the presence of odf3btranscripts (magenta) and cdh17 transcripts (green). Nuclei are labeled with DAPI (blue), and the nephron is outlined by orange lines. (B, Bottom) Pseudocolored nuclei indicate scoring as transporter cell with cdh17+ only (green) or MCC with coexpression of cdh17+/odf3b+ (purple). (Scale bar, 10 μm.) (C) MCCs of a representative 28 ss WT embryo visualized by FISH, to label odf3b transcripts (magenta), and IF to label cilia with antiacetylated α-tubulin (white) and basal bodies with γ-tubulin (cyan). MCCs (circled in orange) exhibit odf3b expression and are distinguished by multiple ciliated basal bodies. (Scale bar, 10 μm.) (DF) Embryos (lateral view) were labeled by WISH for the MCC marker odf3b (purple), and in D and F for the DL marker slc12a3 (orange). (DF, Insets) Magnified dorsal views of the areas demarcated by the black boxes. (Scale bar, 50 μm.) (G) Quantification of odf3b+ cells. Each dot on the graph represents the total odf3b+ MCC number in one embryo. Data are represented as mean ± SEM; significance was determined by ANOVA, where *P < 0.0001, **P < 0.05, n.s., not significant.

 
 

Fig. 2 ZFIN is incorporating published figure images and captions as part of an ongoing project. Figures from some publications have not yet been curated, or are not available for display because of copyright restrictions.

Fig. 3 ZFIN is incorporating published figure images and captions as part of an ongoing project. Figures from some publications have not yet been curated, or are not available for display because of copyright restrictions.

Fig. 4 ZFIN is incorporating published figure images and captions as part of an ongoing project. Figures from some publications have not yet been curated, or are not available for display because of copyright restrictions.

Fig. 5

Prostaglandin signaling acts downstream of etv5a during MCC genesis. (A) Schematic of the etv5a locus with locations of the splice MO (blue arrowhead) and the etv5asa16031mutation (red arrowhead). The forward arrow in exon 2 depicts the ATG start site. (B) WISH at the 28 ss on representative genotype-confirmed WT embryos, etv5a morphants, and etv5a morphants treated with dmPGE2. Embryos are imaged in a lateral view, and the Insets correspond to a dorsal view of the pronephros. (Scale bar, 50 μm.) (C) Quantification of odf3b+ cells at the 28 ss. Each dot represents the total number of maturing renal MCCs in one embryo. Data are represented as mean ± SEM; significance was determined by ANOVA. (D) Lateral view of the etv5a domain (black line) in the pronephros of representative WT and cox1/2 morphants. (Scale bar, 50 μm.) (E) Quantification of absolute etv5a length in WT versus cox1/2 morphants. Each dot represents the etv5a domain length in one nephron. Data are represented as mean ± SEM; significance was determined by Student’s t test, where *P < 0.0001, **P < 0.006, n.s., not significant.

 
 

Fig. S3 ZFIN is incorporating published figure images and captions as part of an ongoing project. Figures from some publications have not yet been curated, or are not available for display because of copyright restrictions.

Acknowledgments:
ZFIN wishes to thank the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America for permission to reproduce figures from this article. Please note that this material may be protected by copyright. Full text @ Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA