Davis et al., 2009 - Leptospira interrogans Stably Infects Zebrafish Embryos, Altering Phagocyte Behavior and Homing to Specific Tissues. PLoS neglected tropical diseases   3(6):e463 Full text @ PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis.

Fig. 1 Cellular details of early phagocyte-leptospire interactions.

A. Schematic view of 36hpf zebrafish embryo, with injection and observation sites indicted. Scale bar, 300 μm. B. Phagocyte containing leptrospires within two hours of intravenous infection. Left, DIC overlay; right, SYTO 83 fluorescence. C. Single leptospire visible by DIC microscopy shortly after injection. See also Video S1. D. Phagocytes containing large numbers of leptospires four hours after injection into hindbrain ventricle. Left, DIC overlay; right, SYTO 83 fluorescence. E. Phagocytes (arrows) containing leptospires also acquired numerous small cytoplasmic vesicles (arrowheads). See Video S2. All scale bars 20 μm unless noted otherwise.

Fig. 2 Leptospirosis of the zebrafish embryo at 24 hours post infection.

A. Two affected cells in the caudal vein containing cytoplamsic vesicles, now larger. This embryo was infected intavenously. Scale bar, 10 μm. B. Affected cells in the brain, apparently containing clusters of undigested apoptotic bodies. This embryo was infected via hindbrain ventricle. Scale bar, 10 μm. C. Fluorescent image of whole embryo infected intravenously with SYTO 83-stained leptospira. While some fluorescent leptospires appear around the ventral tail (arrowheads), the majority have localized near the dorsal aorta (bracket). Scale bar, 300 μm. D. Higher magnification of the area bracketed in E, showing numerous distinct clusters of stained leptospires lateral to the dorsal aorta, just ventral to the notochord. Scale bar, 100 μm. E. Higher magnification of the area bracketed in D, with SYTO 83 fluorescence to the left and DIC overlay to the right. See Video S5. Dotted lines indicate the outlines of infected cells. Scale bar 20 μm. F. Fluorescence image of embryo 24 hours after infection with green fluorescent P. aeruginosa. Infected cells (arrowheads) appear in various places throughout the circulation. Scale bar 300 μm.

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