ZFIN ID: ZDB-EXP-180125-7
Experiment Conditions Description: chemical ablation: macrophage, chemical treatment by environment: metronidazole, amputation: caudal fin
chemical ablation: macrophage
Name: chemical ablation
Definition: Experimental condition which uses a chemical to ablate an anatomical structure or cell.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000169]
Name: macrophage
Synonyms: histiocyte
Definition: A mononuclear phagocyte present in variety of tissues, typically differentiated from monocytes, capable of phagocytosing a variety of extracellular particulate material, including immune complexes, microorganisms, and dead cells.
Ontology: Anatomy Ontology [ZFA:0009141]
chemical treatment by environment: metronidazole
Name: chemical treatment by environment
Definition: Chemical treatment condition in which the chemical is introduced through the environment. For zebrafish this is the tank water.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000238]
Name: metronidazole
Synonyms: 1-(2-hydroxy-1-ethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(beta-ethylol)-2-methyl-5-nitro-3-azapyrrole, 1-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(beta-oxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-methyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-5-nitroimidazole, 2-methyl-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-nitroimidazole, 2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole-1-ethanol, metronidazol, metronidazole, metronidazolum
Definition: A member of the class of imidazoles substituted at C-1, -2 and -5 with 2-hydroxyethyl, nitro and methyl groups respectively. It has activity against anaerobic bacteria and protozoa, and has a radiosensitising effect on hypoxic tumour cells. It may be given by mouth in tablets, or as the benzoate in an oral suspension. The hydrochloride salt can be used in intravenous infusions. Metronidazole is a prodrug and is selective for anaerobic bacteria due to their ability to intracellularly reduce the nitro group of metronidazole to give nitroso-containing intermediates. These can covalently bind to DNA, disrupting its helical structure, inducing DNA strand breaks and inhibiting bacterial nucleic acid synthesis, ultimately resulting in bacterial cell death.
Ontology: Chebi [CHEBI:6909]
amputation: caudal fin
Name: amputation
Definition: Resection condtion in which all or part of an extremity such as the fin or tail are removed.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000172]
Name: caudal fin
Synonyms: tail, tail fin
Definition: Fin that is the most posterior median fin. It is composed of a complex of three modified centra and modified neural and hemal arches and spines.
Ontology: Anatomy Ontology [ZFA:0001058]
Publication: Nguyen-Chi et al., 2017