PUBLICATION

Direct activation of zebrafish neurons by ultrasonic stimulation revealed by whole CNS calcium imaging

Authors
Meneghetti, N., Dedola, F., Gavryusev, V., Sancataldo, G., Turrini, L., de Vito, G., Tiso, N., Vanzi, F., Carpaneto, J., Cutrone, A., Pavone, F.S., Micera, S., Mazzoni, A.
ID
ZDB-PUB-201020-6
Date
2020
Source
Journal of neural engineering   17: 056033 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Tiso, Natascia, Turrini, Lapo, Vanzi, Francesco
Keywords
none
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Calcium
  • Larva
  • Neurons
  • Ultrasonic Therapy*
  • Zebrafish*
PubMed
33052890 Full text @ J Neural Eng
Abstract
Ultrasounds (US) use in neural engineering is so far mainly limited to ablation through high intensity focused ultrasound, but interesting preliminary results show that low intensity low frequency ultrasound could be used instead to modulate neural activity. However, the extent of this modulatory ability of US is still unclear, as in in vivo studies it is hard to disentangle the contribution to neural responses of direct activation of the neuron by US stimulation and indirect activation due either to sensory response to mechanical stimulation associated to US, or to propagation of activity from neighboring areas. Here, we aim to show how to separate the three effects and assess the presence of direct response to US stimulation in zebrafish.
We observed in zebrafish larvae brain-wide US-induced activity patterns through calcium imaging microscopy. Sensory response to mechanical stimulation was assessed with a US shield. Activity propagation was assessed with inter-area latency evaluation.
We prove that in selected brain regions the zebrafish's neural response is mainly due to direct activation, later spreading to the other regions. Shielding the neurons from direct US stimulation resulted in a significantly attenuated response, showing that sensory stimulation does not play a prominent role.
US non-invasive neuromodulatory approach might lead to novel ways to test and control neural activity, and hence to novel neuromodulatory therapies. Future studies will focus on the biophysical structure of directly responsive neurons to capture the mechanisms of US induced activity.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes