Genome and Transcriptome Sequencing of casper and roy Zebrafish Mutants Provides Novel Genetic Clues for Iridophore Loss

Bian, C., Chen, W., Ruan, Z., Hu, Z., Huang, Y., Lv, Y., Xu, T., Li, J., Shi, Q., Ge, W.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences   21(7): (Journal)
Registered Authors
Ge, Wei
casper, genome sequencing, iridophore degeneration, roy, transcriptome sequencing, variation
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Female
  • Genome
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Pigmentation*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Transcriptome*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/physiology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
32235607 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
casper has been a widely used transparent mutant of zebrafish. It possesses a combined loss of reflective iridophores and light-absorbing melanophores, which gives rise to its almost transparent trunk throughout larval and adult stages. Nevertheless, genomic causal mutations of this transparent phenotype are poorly defined. To identify the potential genetic basis of this fascinating morphological phenotype, we constructed genome maps by performing genome sequencing of 28 zebrafish individuals including wild-type AB strain, roy orbison (roy), and casper mutants. A total of 4.3 million high-quality and high-confidence homozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in the present study. We also identified a 6.0-Mb linkage disequilibrium block specifically in both roy and casper that was composed of 39 functional genes, of which the mpv17 gene was potentially involved in the regulation of iridophore formation and maintenance. This is the first report of high-confidence genomic mutations in the mpv17 gene of roy and casper that potentially leads to defective splicing as one major molecular clue for the iridophore loss. Additionally, comparative transcriptomic analyses of skin tissues from the AB, roy and casper groups revealed detailed transcriptional changes of several core genes that may be involved in melanophore and iridophore degeneration. In summary, our updated genome and transcriptome sequencing of the casper and roy mutants provides novel genetic clues for the iridophore loss. These new genomic variation maps will offer a solid genetic basis for expanding the zebrafish mutant database and in-depth investigation into pigmentation of animals.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes