ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180609-20
Multiple vitellogenins in zebrafish (Danio rerio): quantitative inventory of genes, transcripts and proteins, and relation to egg quality
Yilmaz, O., Patinote, A., Nguyen, T., Bobe, J.
Date: 2018
Source: Fish physiology and biochemistry   44(6): 1509-1525 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bobe, Julien
Keywords: Egg quality, LC-MS/MS, RNA-Seq, RT-qPCR, Vitellogenin, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Liver/metabolism
  • Male
  • Multigene Family
  • Ovum/metabolism
  • Protein Domains
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Vitellogenins/classification
  • Vitellogenins/genetics*
  • Vitellogenins/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/classification
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 29882000 Full text @ Fish Physiol. Biochem.
Scrutiny of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) genomic database confirmed eight functional vitellogenin (vtg) genes, each with one or two transcript variants, and the encoded Vtg polypeptides were structurally and functionally characterized in detail by in silico and experimental analyses. There were five type I (vtgs1, 4, 5, 6, and 7), two type II (vtg2 and vtg8), and one type III (vtg3) vtg gene(s) encoding three major types of Vtg protein based on subdomain structure (Vtg-I, Vtg-II, and Vtg-III, respectively). Among various tissues of mature zebrafish, transcripts of the eight vtg genes were detected by RNA-Seq only in liver and intestine, with liver being the main site of vtg expression. All vtg transcripts except vtg8 were also detected in mature female liver by RT-qPCR. The relative abundances of Vtg proteins and their variants were quantified by LC-MS/MS in the liver of mature females and in eggs. The Vtgs were generally several fold more abundant in eggs, but profiles of abundance of the 19 different forms of Vtg evaluated were otherwise similar in liver and eggs, suggesting that yolk protein composition is determined largely by hepatic Vtg synthesis and secretion. Based on transcript and protein levels, Vtg-I is, by far, the dominant type of Vtg in zebrafish, followed by Vtg-II and then Vtg-III. When relative abundances of the different forms of Vtg were evaluated by LC-MS/MS in egg batches of good versus poor quality, no differences in the proportional abundance of individual forms of Vtg, or of different Vtg types, attributable to egg quality were observed.