ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180530-17
Developmental temperature has persistent, sexually dimorphic effects on zebrafish cardiac anatomy
Dimitriadi, A., Beis, D., Arvanitidis, C., Adriaens, D., Koumoundouros, G.
Date: 2018
Source: Scientific Reports   8: 8125 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Beis, Dimitris
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Heart/anatomy & histology*
  • Heart/growth & development*
  • Male
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • Temperature*
  • Ventricular Remodeling
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 29802254 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
Over the next century, climate change of anthropogenic origin is a major threat to global biodiversity. We show here that developmental temperature can have significant effects on zebrafish cardiac anatomy and swimming performance. Zebrafish embryos were subjected to three developmental temperature treatments (TD = 24, 28 or 32 °C) up to metamorphosis and then all maintained under common conditions (28 °C) to adulthood. We found that developmental temperature affected cardiac anatomy of juveniles and adults even eight months after the different thermal treatments had been applied. The elevation of TD induced a significant increase of the ventricle roundness in juvenile (10% increase) and male (22% increase), but not in female zebrafish. The aerobic exercise performance of adult zebrafish was significantly decreased as TD elevated from 24 to 32 °C. Gene expression analysis that was performed at the end of the temperature treatments revealed significant up-regulation of nppa, myh7 and mybpc3 genes at the colder temperature. Our work provides the first evidence for a direct link between developmental temperature and cardiac form at later life-stages. Our results also add to the emerging rationale for understanding the potential effects of global warming on how fish will perform in their natural environment.