ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171104-6
VANGL2 interacts with integrin αv to regulate matrix metalloproteinase activity and cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix
Jessen, T.N., Jessen, J.R.
Date: 2017
Source: Experimental cell research   361(2): 265-276 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Jessen, Jason R.
Keywords: MMP14, MMP2, VANGL2, adhesion, extracellular matrix, integrins
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Extracellular Matrix/chemistry
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts/cytology
  • Fibroblasts/metabolism*
  • Fibronectins/genetics
  • Fibronectins/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3/genetics*
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3/metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/deficiency
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics*
  • Laminin/genetics
  • Laminin/metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/genetics*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins/deficiency
  • Membrane Proteins/genetics*
  • Proteolysis
  • RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Vitronectin/genetics
  • Vitronectin/metabolism
PubMed: 29097183 Full text @ Exp. Cell Res.
Planar cell polarity (PCP) proteins are implicated in a variety of morphogenetic processes including embryonic cell migration and potentially cancer progression. During zebrafish gastrulation, the transmembrane protein Vang-like 2 (VANGL2) is required for PCP and directed cell migration. These cell behaviors occur in the context of a fibrillar extracellular matrix (ECM). While it is thought that interactions with the ECM regulate cell migration, it is unclear how PCP proteins such as VANGL2 influence these events. Using an in vitro cell culture model system, we previously showed that human VANGL2 negatively regulates membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP14) and activation of secreted matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2). Here, we investigated the functional relationship between VANGL2, integrin αvβ3, and MMP2 activation. We provide evidence that VANGL2 regulates cell surface integrin αvβ3 expression and adhesion to fibronectin, laminin, and vitronectin. Inhibition of MMP14/MMP2 activity suppressed the cell adhesion defect in VANGL2 knockdown cells. Furthermore, our data show that MMP14 and integrin αv are required for increased proteolysis by VANGL2 knockdown cells. Lastly, we have identified integrin αvβ3 as a novel VANGL2 binding partner. Together, these findings begin to dissect the molecular underpinnings of how VANGL2 regulates MMP activity and cell adhesion to the ECM.