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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170608-11
Dexamethasone Modulates Nonvisual Opsins, Glucocorticoid Receptor, and Clock Genes in Danio rerio ZEM-2S Cells.
Sousa, J.C., Magalhães-Marques, K.K., da Silveira Cruz-Machado, S., Moraes, M.N., Castrucci, A.M.L.
Date: 2017
Source: BioMed Research International 2017: 8459385 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cryptochromes/biosynthesis*
  • Dexamethasone/pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects*
  • Opsins/biosynthesis*
  • Period Circadian Proteins/biosynthesis*
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid/biosynthesis*
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/biosynthesis*
PubMed: 28589149 Full text @ Biomed Res. Int.
Here we report, for the first time, the differential cellular distribution of two melanopsins (Opn4m1 and Opn4m2) and the effects of GR agonist, dexamethasone, on the expression of these opsins and clock genes, in the photosensitive D. rerio ZEM-2S embryonic cells. Immunopositive labeling for Opn4m1 was detected in the cell membrane whereas Opn4m2 labeling shows nuclear localization, which did not change in response to light. opn4m1, opn4m2, gr, per1b, and cry1b presented an oscillatory profile of expression in LD condition. In both DD and LD condition, dexamethasone (DEX) treatment shifted the peak expression of per1b and cry1b transcripts to ZT16, which corresponds to the highest opn4m1 expression. Interestingly, DEX promoted an increase of per1b expression when applied in LD condition but a decrease when the cells were kept under DD condition. Although DEX effects are divergent with different light conditions, the response resulted in clock synchronization in all cases. Taken together, these data demonstrate that D. rerio ZEM-2S cells possess a photosensitive system due to melanopsin expression which results in an oscillatory profile of clock genes in response to LD cycle. Moreover, we provide evidence that glucocorticoid acts as a circadian regulator of D. rerio peripheral clocks.