ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150226-11
Whole-mount single molecule FISH method for zebrafish embryo
Oka, Y., Sato, T.N.
Date: 2015
Source: Scientific Reports   5: 8571 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Oka, Yuma, Sato, Thomas N.
Keywords: Zebrafish, Fluorescence in situ hybridization
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Genes, Reporter
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence*
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 25711926 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
Noise in gene expression renders cells more adaptable to changing environment by imposing phenotypic and functional heterogeneity on genetically identical individual cells. Hence, quantitative measurement of noise in gene expression is essential for the study of biological processes in cells. Currently, there are two complementary methods for quantitatively measuring noise in gene expression at the single cell level: single molecule FISH (smFISH) and single cell qRT-PCR (or single cell RNA-seq). While smFISH has been developed for culture cells, tissue sections and whole-mount invertebrate organisms, the method has not been reported for whole-mount vertebrate organisms. Here, we report an smFISH method that is suitable for whole-mount zebrafish embryo, a popular vertebrate model organism for the studies of development, physiology and disease. We show the detection of individual transcripts for several cell-type specific and ubiquitously expressed genes at the single cell level in whole-mount zebrafish embryo. We also demonstrate that the method can be adapted to detect two different genes in individual cells simultaneously. The whole-mount smFISH method described in this report is expected to facilitate the study of noise in gene expression and its role in zebrafish, a vertebrate animal model relevant to human biology.