ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150113-17
Zebrafish: A New Companion for Translational Research in Oncology
Barriuso, J., Nagaraju, R., Hurlstone, A.
Date: 2015
Source: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research   21(5): 969-975 (Review)
Registered Authors: Hurlstone, Adam
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Genomics/methods
  • Heterografts
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology*/methods
  • Neoplasms/drug therapy
  • Neoplasms/pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Translational Medical Research*/methods
  • Zebrafish*
PubMed: 25573382 Full text @ Clin. Cancer Res.
ABSTRACT
In an era of high-throughput 'omic' technologies, the unprecedented amount of data that can be generated presents a significant opportunity but simultaneously an even greater challenge for oncologists trying to provide personalized treatment. Classically, pre-clinical testing of new targets and identification of active compounds against those targets has entailed the extensive use of established human cell lines, as well as genetically modified mouse tumor models. Patient-derived xenografts in zebrafish may in the near future provide a platform for selecting an appropriate personalized therapy and together with zebrafish transgenic tumor models represent an alternative vehicle for drug development. The zebrafish is readily genetically modified. The transparency of zebrafish embryos and the recent development of pigment deficient zebrafish afford researchers the valuable capacity to observe directly cancer formation and progression in a live vertebrate host. The zebrafish is amenable to transplantation assays that test the serial passage of fluorescently labelled tumor cells as well as their capacity to disseminate and/or metastasize. Progress achieved to date in genetic engineering and xenotransplantation will establish the zebrafish as one of the most versatile animal models for cancer research. A model organism that can be used in transgenesis, transplantation assays, single cell functional assays and in vivo imaging studies make zebrafish a natural companion for mice in translational oncology research.
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