ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-141217-19
Arteries are formed by vein-derived endothelial tip cells
Xu, C., Hasan, S.S., Schmidt, I., Rocha, S.F., Pitulescu, M.E., Bussmann, J., Meyen, D., Raz, E., Adams, R.H., Siekmann, A.F.
Date: 2014
Source: Nature communications   5: 5758 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bussmann, Jeroen, Meyen, Dana, Raz, Erez, Siekmann, Arndt Friedrich
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Fins/blood supply
  • Animal Fins/cytology
  • Animal Fins/growth & development
  • Animal Fins/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Arteries/cytology
  • Arteries/growth & development*
  • Arteries/metabolism
  • Cell Lineage/genetics
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemokine CXCL12/genetics
  • Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells/cytology
  • Endothelial Cells/metabolism*
  • Endothelium, Vascular/cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular/growth & development
  • Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Mice
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic*
  • Receptors, CXCR4/genetics
  • Receptors, CXCR4/metabolism*
  • Retina/cytology
  • Retina/growth & development
  • Retina/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time-Lapse Imaging
  • Veins/cytology
  • Veins/growth & development*
  • Veins/metabolism
  • Video Recording
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 25502622 Full text @ Nat. Commun.
Tissue vascularization entails the formation of a blood vessel plexus, which remodels into arteries and veins. Here we show, by using time-lapse imaging of zebrafish fin regeneration and genetic lineage tracing of endothelial cells in the mouse retina, that vein-derived endothelial tip cells contribute to emerging arteries. Our movies uncover that arterial-fated tip cells change migration direction and migrate backwards within the expanding vascular plexus. This behaviour critically depends on chemokine receptor cxcr4a function. We show that the relevant Cxcr4a ligand Cxcl12a selectively accumulates in newly forming bone tissue even when ubiquitously overexpressed, pointing towards a tissue-intrinsic mode of chemokine gradient formation. Furthermore, we find that cxcr4a mutant cells can contribute to developing arteries when in association with wild-type cells, suggesting collective migration of endothelial cells. Together, our findings reveal specific cell migratory behaviours in the developing blood vessel plexus and uncover a conserved mode of artery formation.