|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-110803-40|
Restraint of Fgf8 signaling by retinoic acid signaling is required for proper heart and forelimb formation
Sorrell, M.R., and Waxman, J.S.
|Source:||Developmental Biology 358(1): 44-55 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Waxman, Joshua|
|Keywords:||zebrafish, fgf signalling, retinoic acid, heart, forelimb|
|PubMed:||21803036 Full text @ Dev. Biol.|
Sorrell, M.R., and Waxman, J.S. (2011) Restraint of Fgf8 signaling by retinoic acid signaling is required for proper heart and forelimb formation. Developmental Biology. 358(1):44-55.
ABSTRACTCardiomelic or heart-hand syndromes include congenital defects affecting both the forelimb and heart, suggesting a hypothesis where similar signals may coordinate their development. In support of this hypothesis, we have recently defined a mechanism by which retinoic acid (RA) signaling acts on the forelimb progenitors to indirectly restrict cardiac cell number. However, we still do not have a complete understanding of the mechanisms downstream of RA signaling that allow for the coordinated development of these structures. Here, we test the hypothesis that appropriate Fgf signaling in the cardiac progenitor field downstream of RA signaling is required for the coordinated development of the heart and forelimb. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find that increasing Fgf signaling can autonomously increase cardiac cell number and non-autonomously inhibit forelimb formation over the same time period that embryos are sensitive to loss of RA signaling. Furthermore, we find that Fgf8a, which is expressed in the cardiac progenitors, is expanded into the posterior in RA signaling-deficient zebrafish embryos. Reducing Fgf8a function in RA signaling-deficient embryos is able to rescue both heart and forelimb development. Together, these results are the first to directly support the hypothesis that RA signaling is required shortly after gastrulation in the forelimb field to temper Fgf8a signaling in the cardiac field, thus coordinating the development of the heart and forelimb.