ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-100420-2
Comparative genomics and proteomics of vertebrate diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), acyl CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase (AWAT) and monoacylglycerol acyltransferase (MGAT)
Holmes, R.S.
Date: 2010
Source: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part D, Genomics & proteomics   5(1): 45-54 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Diacylglycerol acyltransferase, Monoacylglycerol transferase, Human, Mouse, Opossum, Zebrafish, Genetics, Evolution, X chromosome
MeSH Terms:
  • Acyltransferases/genetics*
  • Acyltransferases/metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Diacylglycerol O-Acyltransferase/genetics*
  • Diacylglycerol O-Acyltransferase/metabolism
  • Exons/genetics
  • Genetic Variation
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes/genetics
  • Isoenzymes/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Opossums/genetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Subunits/chemistry
  • Protein Subunits/genetics
  • Protein Subunits/metabolism
  • Proteomics/methods*
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Vertebrates/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 20374941 Full text @ Comp. Biochem. Physiol. D Genom. Prot.
BLAT (BLAST-Like Alignment Tool) analyses of the opossum (Monodelphis domestica) and zebrafish (Danio rerio) genomes were undertaken using amino acid sequences of the acylglycerol acyltransferase (AGAT) superfamily. Evidence is reported for 8 opossum monoacylglycerol acyltransferase-like (MGAT) (E.C. and diacylglycerol acyltransferase-like (DGAT) (E.C. genes and proteins, including DGAT1, DGAT2, DGAT2L6 (DGAT2-like protein 6), AWAT1 (acyl CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase 1), AWAT2, MGAT1, MGAT2 and MGAT3. Three of these genes (AWAT1, AWAT2 and DGAT2L6) are closely localized on the opossum X chromosome. Evidence is also reported for six zebrafish MGAT- and DGAT-like genes, including two DGAT1-like genes, as well as DGAT2-, MGAT1-, MGAT2- and MGAT3-like genes and proteins. Predicted primary, secondary and transmembrane structures for the opossum and zebrafish MGAT-, AWAT- and DGAT-like subunits and the intron-exon boundaries for genes encoding these enzymes showed a high degree of similarity with other members of the AGAT superfamily, which play major roles in triacylglyceride (DGAT), diacylglyceride (MGAT) and wax ester (AWAT) biosynthesis. Alignments of predicted opossum, zebrafish and other vertebrate DGAT1, DGAT2, other DGAT2-like and MGAT-like amino acid sequences with known human and mouse enzymes demonstrated conservation of residues which are likely to play key roles in catalysis, lipid binding or in maintaining structure. Phylogeny studies of the human, mouse, opossum, zebrafish and pufferfish MGAT- and DGAT-like enzymes indicated that the common ancestors for these genes predated the appearance of bony fish during vertebrate evolution whereas the AWAT- and DGAT2L6-like genes may have appeared more recently prior to the appearance of marsupial and eutherian mammals.