ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-000309-36
Disruption of the olfactoretinal centrifugal pathway may relate to the visual system defect in night blindness b mutant zebrafish
Li, L. and Dowling, J.E.
Date: 2000
Source: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience   20(5): 1883-1892 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Dowling, John E., Li, Lei
Keywords: dark adaptation; dopamine; escape response; mutation; neuronal degeneration; olfactory bulb; olfactoretinal centrifugal pathway; terminal nerve neuron; visual sensitivity; zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Circadian Rhythm/physiology
  • Dark Adaptation/physiology
  • Denervation
  • Dopamine/physiology
  • Escape Reaction/physiology
  • Fish Diseases/genetics
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Mutation/physiology
  • Night Blindness/genetics*
  • Night Blindness/physiopathology*
  • Night Blindness/veterinary
  • Olfactory Bulb/surgery
  • Olfactory Mucosa/surgery
  • Olfactory Pathways/pathology
  • Olfactory Pathways/physiopathology*
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Retinal Degeneration/genetics
  • Retinal Degeneration/physiopathology
  • Retinal Degeneration/veterinary
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/pathology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/physiology
  • Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells/physiology
  • Sensory Thresholds/physiology
  • Visual Pathways/pathology
  • Visual Pathways/physiopathology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
PubMed: 10684889
We describe here a dominant mutation, night blindness b (nbb), which causes an age-related visual system defect in zebrafish. At 4-5 months of age, dark-adapted nbb(+/-) mutants show abnormal visual threshold fluctuations when measured behaviorally. Light sensitizes the animals; thus early dark adaptation of nbb(+/-) fish is normal. After 2 hr of dark adaptation, however, visual thresholds of nbb(+/-) mutants are raised on average 2-3 log units, and rod system function is not detectable. Electroretinograms recorded from nbb(+/-) mutants are normal, but ganglion cell thresholds are raised in prolonged darkness, suggesting an inner retinal defect. The visual defect of nbb(+/-) mutants may be likely caused by an abnormal olfactoretinal centrifugal innervation; in nbb(+/-) mutants, the olfactoretinal centrifugal projection to the retina is disrupted, and the number of retinal dopaminergic interplexiform cells is reduced. A similar visual defect as shown by nbb(+/-) mutants is observed in zebrafish in which the olfactory epithelium and olfactory bulb have been excised. Homozygous nbb fish display an early onset neural degeneration throughout the CNS and die by 7-8 d of age.